What Is Jikinya?
This is a dance festival for primary school pupils. The festival aims at preserving traditional dances especially among the young Zimbabweans at primary school level. The festival is open to all primary schools in the country.
Zimbabwe is a country endowed with a rich and diverse cultural heritage. This heritage is embodied in both tangible and intangible forms such as dance, and many other forms. Dances are not merely performed for entertainment but at all functions and ceremonies around the entire life of a people. Because of urbanization, globalisation and acculturation this heritage is in danger of disappearing due to lack of appreciation, promotion and recognition. There is need to preserve, revitalize and promote dance forms in Zimbabwe.
It is therefore against this background that National Arts Council of Zimbabwe saw the need to preserve and promote traditional dance forms through the education system by organising programmes and activities that involve appreciation, participating and consumption by children/students, hence introducing Jikinya Dance Festival.
Jikinya Dance Festival showcases various traditional dances by primary school pupils from around the country. The festival is held annually and aims at encouraging children to appreciate and perform Zimbabwean traditional dances thus promoting and preserving Zimbabwe’s rich cultural intangible heritage which is faced with disappearance.
National Arts Council of Zimbabwe (NACZ) inaugurated Jikinya Dance Festival in 2002 and the festival is mainly sponsored by Delta Corporation and Culture Fund Trust. The major partner is National Association of Primary School Heads (NAPH).
The running theme for the festival is “Building Zimbabwe through Dance”. However, an annual theme is picked and is in line with the running theme. These yearly festival themes are aimed at focusing attention and promoting specific dance types.
Jikinya is held at three basic levels in the schools. These are; District, Provincial and National. However, in the district festivals, schools are free to hold zone or other festivals inorder for them to come up with district winners. Each district will be able to send one school to the provincial festival and each province will send one school to the national finals. All other festivals that take place prior to the provincial festivals are organised by the National Association of Primary Heads with help from organizations interested in the programme.
The schools are guided by the following rules in the Jikinya Dance Festival:
• The dances should reflect some authentic traditional aspects of a particular ethnic, religious or cultural group in Zimbabwe
• Any drama or theatrical performance will not be taken as a dance for the purposes of participating in the festival by schools
• The number of pupils shall be limited to a maximum of thirteen(13) for each participating school
• Dance teachers and coaches are not permitted on the stage when children are performing
• A dance performance shall not exceed ten minutes
• All schools participating at the national festival shall get a certificate
• The top three schools will receive prize money and a trophy
WHO CAN PARTICIPATE
• All primary schools in Zimbabwe registered with the Ministry of Primary and Secondary Education.
• Only primary school pupils are allowed to participate in this festival
2017 JIKINYA DANCE FESTIVAL
2017 National Jikinya Dance Festival will be held in Bulawayo on the 24th November 2017 and preparations are on course. All provinces will be represented by first prize best schools in their respective province.
The theme for this year’s 2016 Jikinya Dance Festival celebrations is; “Empowering Communities Through Dance.” This particular theme underscores the importance of communities embracing various Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) elements that are peculiar in their communities. The festival encourages communities to adopt safeguarding measures through dance so that communities appreciate the value of transmitting the skills from generation to generation for posterity. Also communities benefit economically through making and selling costumes, props as well as by training youngsters the dancing techniques. Socially these dances bring communities together in gatherings such as festivals.
COMMON DANCE 2017-8
The common dance is Muchongoyo dance. Muchongoyo dance also known as Muchongolo originated from Zululand (Nguniland) in South Africa during King Tshaka’s reign. Traditionally, the dance was performed in preparation for and after war, particularly when the warriors emerged victorious. Today the dance has become a social and recreational one devoid of any religious connotations. Instead, Muchongoyo is now used to highlight societal events. Muchongoyo is predominantly performed by Ndau and Shangani speaking people mostly living in Chipinge and Chimanimani in Manicaland, some parts of Chiredzi in Zimbabwe as well as in parts of Mozambique..
Jikinya Dance Festival is proudly sponsored by Delta Corporation.
Attendance to the all Jikinya events including the National Jikinya Dance Festival event is free.
PROVINCIAL JIKINYA FESTIVAL SCHEDULE
PROVINCE VENUE DATE
Bulawayo Large City Hall 10 November
Mashonaland East Mbuya Nehanda Hall (Dombotombo) 11 November
Mashonaland West Norton 1 Primary School 11 November
Matabeleland South Wellton Primary School (Beitbridge) 11 November
Manicaland Chancellor Gvt Primary School (Mutare) 11 November
Harare Chitungwiza Aquatic Complex 18 November
Midlands Hama Secondary School (Chirumhanzu) 18 November
Mashonaland Central Mt Darwin Primary School 18 November
Matabeleland North Fatima High School (Lupane) 18 November
Masvingo Mucheke Hall (Masvingo) 18 November
JIKINYA NATIONAL PARTICIPATING SCHOOLS
OWN CHOICE DANCE
Mkhithika Thebe Primary Sch
St Joseph’s Primary Sch
Chegutu Primary Sch
Jahunda Primary Sch
Rujeko Primary Sch
Ndlovu Primary Sch
Chembira Primary Sch
Matenda Primary Sch
Chipindura Primary Sch
Maringire Primary Sch
2016 JIKINYA NATIONAL DANCE FESTIVAL OUTCOME
Position 1- St Joseph Primary School (Mashonaland East)
Prizes- $1 200, Trophy and each of the 13 participating children received a medal and their 2 teachers as well.
Position 2- Mkhithika Thebe Primary School (Bulawayo)
Prizes- $1 000, Trophy and each of the 13 participating children received a medal and their 2 teachers as well. The school also scooped the Prof Hope Sadza excellence award in Common dance + $300.
Position 3- Rujeko Primary School (Manicaland)
Prizes- $700, Trophy and each of the 13 participating children received a medal and their 2 teachers as well.
Position 4- Maringire Primary School (Masvingo)Prizes- $500, Trophy and each of the 13 participating children received a medal and their 2 teachers as well.
Schools that scooped the 5th-10th position where all given consolation prizes which was $150 per school and each of the 13 participating children received a medal and their 2 teachers as well.